- Stem cell treatment in India
Stem cell treatment in India
Stem cell treatment, also known as stem cell therapy or stem cell transplant, is the science of regenerative medicine where healthy tissues are used to replace damaged tissues for the treatment of incurable conditions. Stem cell treatment has given a new ray of hope for medical conditions for which there was no hope.
There have been a lot of development in stem cell research and development in the last few years in India.
Stem cells are the building blocks of the human body. All human beings have originated from stem cells only. We were embryonic stem cells in our mother's womb which multiplied and grew to form the human body.
At the time of birth some stem cells are present in the umbilical cord that connects the mother and the baby and these are referred to as umbilical stem cells. After birth some of the stem cells are still active in the process of producing new cells, such as blood, which are referred to as adult stem cells.
Stem cells are defined by two properties:
- Stem cells can 'self-renew' which means that they can divide and produce more stem cells of the same kind
- Stem cells can mature or 'differentiate' into specialized cells that carry out a specific function, such as in the skin, muscle, or blood.
Stem cell therapy?
A stem cell therapy is a treatment that uses stem cells, or cells that come from stem cells, to replace or to repair a patient's cells or tissues that are damaged. The stem cells might be put into the blood, or transplanted into the damaged tissue directly, or even recruited from the patient's own tissues for self-repair.
Stem cells for the treatment of different diseases
As a matter of fact, there are many different types of stem cells which are applicable for different types of conditions. Here it is most important to differ between blood-forming and non-blood forming stem cells. Blood forming stem cells are typically administered by IV (Intra Vascular Injection) and enter the body via the cardiovascular system. They find their use in various treatments for conditions to the body, e.g. Diabetes, treatment for renal function or treatment for Kidney function. Examples of blood-forming stem cells are autologous stem cells or mesenchymal stem cells.
Separate from the cardio vascular system is the central nervous system. The central nervous system is completely separated from the rest of the body, and is completely constructed out of non-blood forming cells, so in order to guarantee a safe treatment, only non-blood forming stem cells are applicable for treatment. Treatment for all neurological conditions (e.g. Parkinson's, Cerebral Palsy, Multiple Sclerosis) fall into this category.
Medical Conditions that can be treated with Stem Cell Therapy
Unique advantages of stem cell treatment at IndiCure affiliated stem cell therapy hospitals
IndiCure affiliated hospitals have an excellent cross functional team that delivers Stem Cell Therapy with decades of experience.
- Medical team (Neurosurgeon, Neurophysician, Pediatric Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Urologist, Andrologist, General physician, General Surgeon, Orthopaedic surgeon & Ophthalmologist)
- Scientific team (Neuropathologist, Microbiologist & Geneticist)
- Rehabilitation team (Physiotherapist, Occupational therapist, Speech therapist & Psychologist) In addition to medical treatment there is a significant emphasis on both clinical as well as basic research so that the best therapeutic strategies can be evolved and practiced at the same time.
The strategy is to promote the recovery of neural function with a close integration of Neuro-regenerative (stem cell), Neuro-protective (medications) and Neuro-rehabilitative (physical/occupational/speech) therapies. This therefore combines the best of Neurobiological repair technologies and Neural restorative techniques. We recognize that even small functional gains may have a significant effect on the quality of life of our patients. Our treatment is individualized to the specific requirements of each patient.
Frequently asked questions about stem cell therapy in India:
How does stem cell therapy work?
The biological task of stem cells is to repair and regenerate damaged cells. Stem cell therapy exploits this function by administering these cells in high concentrations directly in and around the damaged tissue, where they advance its self healing and repair
What examinations and investigations are done before the therapy?
A few primary blood investigations along with some radiological Investigations according to the diseases are conducted. These investigations provide detailed information about the patient's condition and also help to understand the chronicity of the disease.
How many days of hospitalisation is required for stem cell treatment in India ?
The total hospitalization period is 6 days. Extended stay options for longer rehabilitation are also available. The complete treatment involves Regenerative medicine (using Adult stem cells), Neurological and other medical treatments (using Neuroprotective and other medications) and Rehabilitation (including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, counseling, creative visualization etc). All the complaints, problems, symptoms of the patient are attended to by appropriate consultants and suitable treatments are initiated. Our comprehensive treatment involves a holistic approach towards the total well being of the patient, which through an improvement in their neurological condition, helps in improving the quality of their lives.
Is the treatment painful?
The therapy is done under local anaesthesia and a mild sedation. There is no significant pain or discomfort during or after the procedure.
Are there ethical concerns surrounding adult stem cell research and therapy?
Bone marrow transplantation has been used successfully for genetic disorders of blood, such as sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, as well as cancers such as leukemia. Since our therapy uses these very cells, which are harvested from the patient's own body (autologous cells), there are no major ethical concerns. Ethical concerns are primarily on the use of embryonic stem cells (which we do not use). The ethical guidelines followed our affiliated hospital are based on & are in accordance with the World Medical Association's "WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. We do not claim to cure any of the neurological diseases. Our treatment strategy, techniques and goals focus on giving patients functional improvements to improve the quality of their lives